Agar

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Free Water Knock-Outs, Desalters and Dehydrators are just some of the applications in the oil industry where it is necessary to separate water and oil. The density differences between water and oil causes water to drop to the bottom of a separation tank, and oil to rise to the top.
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It is all too easy to forget that the primary function of the desalting system is the removal of inorganic chlorides and other water-soluble compounds from crude oil. One need not be a corrosion specialist to realize the acids that form from these compounds can do tremendous, long-term damage in downstream processes of the refinery (as the inspection of crude tower overhead condensers can prove).
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Determining the production rate from oil wells is simpler and less costly because of AGAR’s advanced technologies. For many years complex 3-phase separators were the industry standard because measurement technologies required the separation of the hydrocarbon, water, and gas phases.
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Contamination of amine systems (Refer to Figure 1 on following page) results in operational and environmental challenges for the operator. Contaminants include: Particles such as iron sulfide with the feed, Heat stable salts, Surface active agents, Liquid hydrocarbon in the gas feed, Carboxylic acids formed from oxygen entering the amine system, Corrosion inhibitors and water treatment chemicals entering with makeup water and wash water
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Industrial lubrication systems require close monitoring of the lubricating fluid to detect contaminants and prevent the resultant degradation of the fluid. Contaminants such as water and metallic fines are commonly monitored manually, requiring routine sampling and laboratory analysis.
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The manufacturing of Paper using the Kraft Mill process generates liquids called Black Liquor and Soap in the digester. When the wood is cooked in the digester a caustic bath is used.
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Alkylation is an important refining process in which light olefins (e.g. propylene, butylene) are converted into higher value gasoline blending components with improved octane and vapor pressure properties. Agar technology can be applied in the alkylation process in two fundamental categories.
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The Agar Foam Detector can detect the presence of foam far earlier than a ΔP cell, pressure gauge or other technologies. The probe can initiate or increase the anti-foam chemical injection rate causing the foam to dissipate. As a result, the anti-foam chemical feed rate is optimized, reducing the operator’s overall chemical costs.
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The Agar Foam Detector can detect the presence of foam far earlier than a ΔP cell, pressure gauge or other technologies. The probe can initiate or increase the anti-foam chemical injection rate causing the foam to dissipate.
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Storage tanks containing hydrocarbon feedstocks, intermediates and finished products will, over time, accumulate a water layer in the bottom of the tank (exceptions are water-soluble hydrocarbons such as alcohols and ethers). Standard industry practice is to periodically drain the water from storage tanks so that the water does not adversely impact specifications of the hydrocarbon.

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